المدونة

Youth culture

Youth culture
 

 

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

Youth culture is “the sum of the ways of living of adolescents; it refers to the body of norms, values, and practices recognized and shared by members of the adolescent society as appropriate guides to actions” This definition includes two elements. The first is culture, which can be defined as the symbolic systems, and processes of maintaining and transforming those systems, that people share. The second part of this definition is that youth culture is specific to adolescents, and differs at least partially from the culture of older generations.

 

Elements of youth culture include beliefs, behaviors, styles, and interests. An emphasis on clothes, popular music, sports, vocabulary, and dating set adolescents apart from other age groups, giving them what many believe is a distinct culture of their own. Within youth culture, there are many distinct and constantly changing youth subcultures. These subcultures’ norms, values, behaviors, and styles vary widely, and may differ from the general youth culture.

 

Existence of youth culture

 

There is debate within the scientific community about whether or not youth culture exists. Some researchers argue that youth’s values and morals are not distinct from those of their parents, which means that youth culture is not a separate culture. Others note that we must be cautious about extrapolating a current effect to other periods of history. Just because we see the presence of what seems to be a youth culture today does not mean that this phenomenon extends to all generations of young people. Additionally, peer influence varies greatly between contexts and by sex, age, and social status, making a single “youth culture” difficult, if not impossible, to define

 

Others argue that there are definite elements of youth society that constitute culture, and that these elements differ from those of their parents’ culture. Janssen et al. have used the terror management theory (TMT) to argue for the existence of youth culture. TMT is a psychological concept that hypothesizes that culture originates from an attempt to cope with the knowledge of their mortality. Society does this by adopting a worldview and developing self-esteem. Researchers test TMT by exposing people to reminders of their mortality. TMT is supported if being reminded of death causes people to cling more strongly to their worldview. Janssen et al. tested the following hypothesis: “If youth culture serves to help adolescents deal with problems of vulnerability and finiteness, then reminders of mortality should lead to increased allegiance to cultural practices and beliefs of the youth.” Their results supported their hypothesis and the results of previous studies, suggesting that youth culture is, in fact, a culture.

 

Schwartz and Merten used the language of adolescents to argue for the presence of youth culture as distinct from the rest of society. Schwartz argued that high school students used their vocabulary to create meanings that are distinct to adolescents. Specifically, the adolescent status terminology (the words that adolescents use to describe hierarchical social statuses) contains qualities and attributes that are not present in adult status judgments. According to Schwartz, this reflects a difference in social structures and the way that adults and teens experience social reality. This difference indicates cultural differences between adolescents and adults, which supports the presence of a separate youth culture.

Posted in: Youth, Youth problems

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childhood

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Introduction to Early Intervention

 

 

“Children can develop the potential and skills through early identification of his condition and find a suitable rehabilitation program for him.”

Early intervention is a set of services provided by government and private institutions. It services licensed by law to help the development and rehabilitation of children with special needs and their families until the age of three. The early intervention services are available in specialized center or at home or in hospitals. These services focus on two important and two Induction axis and diagnostic. The induction axis for what they offer the school and the hospital together to define the suffering child until the conversion process to the medical authorities for further action. The diagnostic axis are in a direct way by specialized medical personnel.

And early intervention begins at birth to kindergarten age. There are three main reasons for early intervention for children with special needs are working on: –

1. Strengthen the growth of the child.

2. Provide assistance and services to the families of these children.

3. Increase Circle of services provided by the child and his family to the community.

Studies have shown the stomach in the field of child development that the education rights and the growth rate in the most speed at pre-school age, which makes the process of early intervention is very important, where the child is fit to receive the services, which will help him to communicate with those around him. Sometimes overlooked people and those around the child about the importance of early intervention in pre-school age, which is hard on the child learn some skills in the later stages of age.

Early intervention and return benefits to the families of people with special needs by improving their ability to develop themselves and their children, as well as the development of capabilities and skills education for their children and create a suitable environment to work with the child and which ultimately helps to build product in the human society.

The members of the program consists of early intervention specialist Dr. hearing problems, and Ear Nose and Throat, pronunciation and communication specialist, specialist audiologist, a teacher of deaf children, and family.

The important points and should be available in early intervention program are: –

1. The child’s age at the stage of early intervention: –

The early diagnosis of the deaf child will greatly help in the success of the early intervention program and to increase scientific collected later and to reduce the proportion of scientific and psychological problems that may be exposed to the child in the age subsequent stages.

2. Family involvement in the process of early intervention: –

Principal Assistant is to facilitate the functioning of the rehabilitation of the child through early intervention and studies show that the participation of parents with special needs will lead to: –

The ability of parents to build an integrated home program for their child.

Reduce the pressure on the family in general, which helps to success and strengthening the family relationship.

3. Good and effective preparations and flour for the early intervention program: –

And adopt successful early intervention programs on systematic planning, which is aimed at the following: –

Get up close on a child’s behaviors and work with the family to achieve positive goals related to the child’s growth and development of skills.

Develop an educational plan helps the teacher to child development and follow-up on an ongoing basis.

Work tests for the child to know and determine the effectiveness of this program and the extent of child benefit from it.

 

منقول عن موقع Hear and Speak

Posted in: Disability and Society, Hearing impairment

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Improve or hair removal

Improve or hair removal

From the book of Ibn al-Bitar in front of herbalists and botanists Sheikh will give you the panacea that improves and strengthens the hair:

Paint that improves and strengthens the hair and prevents lesions him:

 Boil the oil on fire and thrown it soft Mastics and Alladen, a then come down and add him to nibble Cotton Seed

Used once each week.

 

Recipe from the book to get rid of unwanted hair:

If I remove hair from any position in the flesh and plating opium paste with water ping times, it disappear and never come back, as well as ammonia with bitterness goats if the survey after the removal of hair, it prevents the hair from growing again.

Posted in: Alternative Medicine, Our health

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Dr. Salah Arafa

Dr. Salah Arafa

Salah Arafa .. The invasion of the desert begins in the village of «Basaisa» in South Sinai

D / Salah Arafa

«Do not give me a fish .. But give me hooks baited with thicker ».. This Chinese proverb famous thought Dr. Salah Arafa, a professor of science at the American University in Cairo, in resolving the crisis, population and solve the problem of unemployment, which prevailed among the youth of Egypt, and was initially in the project village New Basaisa which filed in the Ras Sudr South Sinai, a village which managed the whole of Using renewable energy, based on cooperation among its members in the development of society and the development and use of the latest means of technology in agriculture, and the evolution of new Basaisa reason to re-Arafa his mind and decides to apply the project another in order to serve the community in various categories.

The new location chosen by Arafa to implement the project which will be called «migration to home» was in the area Ibomengar of the oasis of Farafra in South New Valley after it established a civil association of 1,000 acres of desert province known as the Association «Treasures Sinai for economic development» It aims to create a society outside urban residential block, its population consists of ordinary people including him in investing and some of them have the ability to work and the desire to learn, and the society on the basis of solidarity and cooperation among its members in the development and land reclamation using organic manure resulting from waste.

He was able Arafa to gather 150 people only, from the governorates of Minya, Assiut and Cairo and the New Valley, in that spot in order to start from there, his big a «immigration to the inside» through the realization of the dream of every citizen in that acquires a piece of land and built a private home, this dream will be Beginning as Arafa says: «Our goal is to achieve the dream of every citizen to become a has a piece of land owned and the house he lives,

He pointed out that the policy of working within the project comes through two things, first to advance investor has the financial ability to buy land but it is not a full-time work where therefore it will other financially incapable, work it, pointing out that each one is capable of getting on an area of ​​5 acres to be paid for in installments through his work in the territory of small investors for a sum of money waives a fraction of it to the price of the land in its possession on the that popularized regions, (land of him and of the investor).

This idea began Arafa in the assembly of citizens and began applying his idea, but he says: «The real problem is that citizens are not attuned to the idea and the more we talked to them about the project, although we are not looking for as much money as what we are looking for human effort, we do not find have a desire to do something and here we are trying talk to them through the first draft of the new an Basaisa village, which has already been established.

According Arafa that the project is not difficult to implement and impossible to apply it is enough to have the individual’s ability to work and the desire to learn with the group because it is the discretion of the: «the problem of reclamation in the desert is that we go individual, but our project aims to teamwork and community spirit should not submit someone to do something inside the home, but by others is an objective amounts cooperative heritage and restores tradition that went with the crowd.

What Arafa said about the project and what he sees in the current society make it says: «we are بنهاجر outside Egypt and have engaged in the places where Malinash are right .. Er inhibitor remains We نهاجر the faces of our country and we work in our land, and King .. And the earth in which to sleep wards like any place in the beginning of its establishment to the young that can create its own home after Istsaleh his land.

Posted in: Environment and Development, Flags in the protection of the environment

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Tarek Hassan Abdel Gawad

Born: 24/5/2003 anti – Cairo

Year: fifth primary

 

Good-mannered child family-loving and very passionate, live his normal life and trying to create some different colored flavors to give his life a kind of difference.

Hassan loves animals so much and especially birds, as he likes computers and technology in general and innovate, also loves photography is always carries Mobile depicts members of his family in many positions and pick the most bizarre situations or exciting to laugh

But what distinguishes good is that he loves acting and ridiculous movements or performance exotic and representative scenes and creates it.

Maybe Hassan will be representative brilliant day or a great artist.

Posted in: Childhood, Site friends

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Fruit fight obesity

Fruit fight obesity

Spread of a large number of colorful fruit and Almshahyh in the summer. Some of these fruits is rich in calories كالعنب, and others helps eliminate body fat. So, this is the season in which should be Tstbdla by the fatty fruit desserts المنحفة summer in order to lose weight and overcome lingering in body fat. And offer you in this report are some of them:

 

• Apricot: This kind of summer fruits helps to reduce weight while maintaining the beauty of the skin.

 

• Figs: Three beads of figs gives you 60 calories, which keeps the eating a piece of cake because of the sweetness that enjoys helping you to reduce weight.

 

• mango: mango intake during hot summer days switches off summer thirst and helps in the elimination of fat.

 

• Papaya: This fruit helps to move the fat cells in the body which help digest foods as well.

 

• Peach: Peach is one of the most important fruit, which eliminates constipation body. The material contained in it fights too fat.

Posted in: Healthy nutrition, Our health

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The role of the media and society in the case of social integration

General Introduction:

• the third millennium witnessed fundamental shifts in perception, philosophy, and the measures taken by the countries of the world about marginalized groups, including persons with disabilities … He was among the achievements of the world for the advancement of the category of disability and equality and community participation, and the lifting of discrimination drafting and adoption of the International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in 2006.

This agreement aims mainly to “promote the dignity and the protection of the rights of persons with disabilities and to ensure the enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms.”

 

The new philosophy was based on which emerged this agreement on a set of principles, namely:

1 – respect for the dignity of persons with disabilities inherent autonomy, including the freedom to decide their own destiny and complete independence.

2 – Non-discrimination between individuals.

3 – To ensure the participation and involvement of persons with disabilities to fully and effectively in community development issues.

4 – Respect for difference and acceptance of a person with disabilities as part of human diversity and human nature.

5 – equal opportunities.

6 – access.

7 – equality between men and women.

8 – Respect for the evolving capacities of persons with disabilities, and to respect their right to preserve their identities.

And this is what came of Article (9) of the International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities adopted by the United Nations in 2006, and entered into force in 2007, states:

1. Enable persons with disabilities to live independently and to participate in an integrated manner in all aspects of life, States Parties shall take appropriate measures to ensure access for persons with disabilities on an equal footing with the others to the physical environment, transportation, information and communications, including technologies and information systems communication and other facilities and services available to the general public, alike. These measures, which should include the identification of obstacles and barriers to accessibility and removal, shall apply to the following:

A. Buildings, roads, transportation and other facilities inside and outside the houses, including schools, housing, medical facilities and workplaces.

B. Information, communications and other services, including electronic services and emergency services.

 

The concept of merger

 

• expresses the concept of integration in essence the concept of a social moral against classification, segregation and marginalization of any individual because of his disability and is intended merger offer a range of services, educational and rehabilitation for persons with disabilities in environmental conditions normal that gets the rest of the community and work as much as possible for their community through a range of programs and activities community and that enhance their standing.

In general, community integration destruction allows people with disabilities to be active members of their community and even increase their sense of community and is working on the development of their knowledge and provide an integrated environment to live as close as possible to the natural environment as well as to allow no stools abilities and desires to participate in the process of community development.

 

Types of merger: –

 

 merger academic (tutorial)

Means the enrollment of students with disabilities with their peers in schools in general, where they receive educational programs common requirement in the success of this type of integration provides conditions and factors and procedures of overcoming all the difficulties faced by people with disabilities and of social trends, including the accepted students, their brothers with Disability and the creation of the administrative board and school teachers in how to deal with with disabilities and Addourh of their involvement to school and community activities …. An important point in this area, a need to inflict students with disabilities with the rest of the students in the same classroom as

Special education programs (Resource Room) and shared with the rest of the students in regular classes according to a timetable prepared for this purpose

In general, the aim of this kind of integration to increase opportunities for social interaction and educational at the same school.

 

 social integration:

Intended to merge with disabilities with the rest of the members of the community in the field of housing and employment (functional integration), as well as various activities and events community and aims of this type of integration to provide opportunities for social interaction and normal social life among ordinary people and ordinary non-

 community integration:

It is to give opportunities for people with disabilities to integrate into various community activities and events and facilitate their mission to be active members and guarantees them the right to work independently, and freedom of movement and enjoy all that is available in the community services.

The role of community integration:

Play the role of the family of the main role in the process of integration of persons with disabilities to society, where the family have a great responsibility towards the individual with a disability and provide all the capabilities to this setting, from enrollment and passing through the various stages, in addition to providing employment opportunities

And the family have a great responsibility to overcome the problem of disability and trying to assist him to get what is experiencing this phenomenon in terms of services, but more than that try confrontation Avenue and realism of the problem from the other hand.

The family is the environment and the soil in which they live individual, grow up and grow up dependents, and supported to cope with risks, strengthening to keep able to cope with life is the vessel in which you must work to strengthen the building to be a pot able to cope with life on its responsibilities,

It is also due to have a big role in the family to provide all the capabilities and the technical and scientific services and treatment, and follow-up developments and professional and technological changes in the rehabilitation services for people with disabilities

The media and the concept of merger

And the role of the media in supporting the concept of integration, must allocate media audio and visual spaces provided fixed to be announced in advance to view special education informatics concepts instead of putting the problems and obstacles and to educate and teach parents.

And it has to be for the media when you broach topics for integration that displays formulas conciliatory no formulas carries complaints and recriminations, which ultimately provide solutions as well as encourage parents to show children with special needs in their programs of local children’s regular must for the eyes of our children to get used to seeing with Disability and work to encourage parents to list their suffering and their experiences and express their views and suggestions through seminars Talk to display or broadcast on a regular basis, as is the responsibility of universities and ministries of the media represented by the means multiple role in holding courses and seminars through which is establish the principle of continuing education for parents and teachers have to does this elite round of the professors who specialize in dealing with children with special needs practical and scientific foundations.

 

Conclusion:

The merger comprehensive sense of civilization today is but a societal culture must join all efforts to be highlighted and developed to serve and enhance the status of persons with disabilities in society.

 

Counselor / Mohamed Abdel Rahman Sayed

President of the Arab region – RI

President of the European Center for Persons with Disabilities

Posted in: Disability and Society, Topics on disability

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Solutions to the problem of the friendship between the sexes when young

Solutions to the problem of the friendship between the sexes when young

 

We have entered the era of modern technology and the Internet, etc., it is impossible to monitor your children and creating barriers for them, but with reason and wisdom and know-how, and parents should know that to have a baby and raise him breeding valid is not easy, a great responsibility, For those who choose to assume this responsibility should be eligible to them.

 

The father Fadil to take from his son, his friend from childhood not teach him to manhood and fatherhood is in command and scream, but is closer to the Son, and the awareness indirectly not feel son that he was receiving orders or guidance, but is inherent in friendship and carry the burden of and participation in the life .

 

As the mother accommodate her daughter not collapsed and تزجر not Temted of her daughter’s behavior, does not impose upon the behavior of not knowing and knowledgeable.

And therefore not a girl or just breeding and rearing boy’s father, but the parents involved carry full responsibility for raising both parties.

 

As for the friendship فاتركوا sons living a share of freedom, but your presence, and be safe secrets and Ask them about their friends, and if the one speaking on a call not Tanstwa listen investigation but Be friends to your children, and not padding them enough to express them for their conduct free, but be with them, Van was your son’s children, be children like him, and that was at a young age Fiehoa with stage nor Taatzaiqgua if the wrong one, because you once you are in, such as their age have you sinned against such errors, Valtmsoa excuse them or ask them a lot more than energy their potential so as to Aitionkm always .

 

And sons, young men and women of the age and the future of the family to take from the parents of friends, they are not your enemies, they are first and foremost love your interest they tried to get close to them as possible.

Posted in: Solutions, Youth

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