• the third millennium witnessed fundamental shifts in perception, philosophy, and the measures taken by the countries of the world about marginalized groups, including persons with disabilities … He was among the achievements of the world for the advancement of the category of disability and equality and community participation, and the lifting of discrimination drafting and adoption of the International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in 2006.
This agreement aims mainly to “promote the dignity and the protection of the rights of persons with disabilities and to ensure the enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms.”
The new philosophy was based on which emerged this agreement on a set of principles, namely:
1 – respect for the dignity of persons with disabilities inherent autonomy, including the freedom to decide their own destiny and complete independence.
2 – Non-discrimination between individuals.
3 – To ensure the participation and involvement of persons with disabilities to fully and effectively in community development issues.
4 – Respect for difference and acceptance of a person with disabilities as part of human diversity and human nature.
5 – equal opportunities.
6 – access.
7 – equality between men and women.
8 – Respect for the evolving capacities of persons with disabilities, and to respect their right to preserve their identities.
And this is what came of Article (9) of the International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities adopted by the United Nations in 2006, and entered into force in 2007, states:
1. Enable persons with disabilities to live independently and to participate in an integrated manner in all aspects of life, States Parties shall take appropriate measures to ensure access for persons with disabilities on an equal footing with the others to the physical environment, transportation, information and communications, including technologies and information systems communication and other facilities and services available to the general public, alike. These measures, which should include the identification of obstacles and barriers to accessibility and removal, shall apply to the following:
A. Buildings, roads, transportation and other facilities inside and outside the houses, including schools, housing, medical facilities and workplaces.
B. Information, communications and other services, including electronic services and emergency services.
The concept of merger
• expresses the concept of integration in essence the concept of a social moral against classification, segregation and marginalization of any individual because of his disability and is intended merger offer a range of services, educational and rehabilitation for persons with disabilities in environmental conditions normal that gets the rest of the community and work as much as possible for their community through a range of programs and activities community and that enhance their standing.
In general, community integration destruction allows people with disabilities to be active members of their community and even increase their sense of community and is working on the development of their knowledge and provide an integrated environment to live as close as possible to the natural environment as well as to allow no stools abilities and desires to participate in the process of community development.
Types of merger: –
merger academic (tutorial)
Means the enrollment of students with disabilities with their peers in schools in general, where they receive educational programs common requirement in the success of this type of integration provides conditions and factors and procedures of overcoming all the difficulties faced by people with disabilities and of social trends, including the accepted students, their brothers with Disability and the creation of the administrative board and school teachers in how to deal with with disabilities and Addourh of their involvement to school and community activities …. An important point in this area, a need to inflict students with disabilities with the rest of the students in the same classroom as
Special education programs (Resource Room) and shared with the rest of the students in regular classes according to a timetable prepared for this purpose
In general, the aim of this kind of integration to increase opportunities for social interaction and educational at the same school.
Intended to merge with disabilities with the rest of the members of the community in the field of housing and employment (functional integration), as well as various activities and events community and aims of this type of integration to provide opportunities for social interaction and normal social life among ordinary people and ordinary non-
It is to give opportunities for people with disabilities to integrate into various community activities and events and facilitate their mission to be active members and guarantees them the right to work independently, and freedom of movement and enjoy all that is available in the community services.
The role of community integration:
Play the role of the family of the main role in the process of integration of persons with disabilities to society, where the family have a great responsibility towards the individual with a disability and provide all the capabilities to this setting, from enrollment and passing through the various stages, in addition to providing employment opportunities
And the family have a great responsibility to overcome the problem of disability and trying to assist him to get what is experiencing this phenomenon in terms of services, but more than that try confrontation Avenue and realism of the problem from the other hand.
The family is the environment and the soil in which they live individual, grow up and grow up dependents, and supported to cope with risks, strengthening to keep able to cope with life is the vessel in which you must work to strengthen the building to be a pot able to cope with life on its responsibilities,
It is also due to have a big role in the family to provide all the capabilities and the technical and scientific services and treatment, and follow-up developments and professional and technological changes in the rehabilitation services for people with disabilities
The media and the concept of merger
And the role of the media in supporting the concept of integration, must allocate media audio and visual spaces provided fixed to be announced in advance to view special education informatics concepts instead of putting the problems and obstacles and to educate and teach parents.
And it has to be for the media when you broach topics for integration that displays formulas conciliatory no formulas carries complaints and recriminations, which ultimately provide solutions as well as encourage parents to show children with special needs in their programs of local children’s regular must for the eyes of our children to get used to seeing with Disability and work to encourage parents to list their suffering and their experiences and express their views and suggestions through seminars Talk to display or broadcast on a regular basis, as is the responsibility of universities and ministries of the media represented by the means multiple role in holding courses and seminars through which is establish the principle of continuing education for parents and teachers have to does this elite round of the professors who specialize in dealing with children with special needs practical and scientific foundations.
The merger comprehensive sense of civilization today is but a societal culture must join all efforts to be highlighted and developed to serve and enhance the status of persons with disabilities in society.
Counselor / Mohamed Abdel Rahman Sayed
President of the Arab region – RI
President of the European Center for Persons with Disabilities